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Psychology* Which disciplines have an interest in the topic areas of psychology? People have always been interested in understanding the basis of human behaviour, and the types of questions currently been examined by psychologists have been considered in the past by philosophers such as Aristotle, who considered the nature of intelligence, perception, thought, and whether or not behaviour is mainly determined by the environment (nurture) or by biological factors (nature). Novelists too, have always explored questions of human nature and relationships. Anne Bronte in 'The Tenant of Wildfell Hall' in 1848 invented a potential treatment for alcoholism, now known as aversion therapy, which has been used in recent years to treat alcoholics. What is the difference between psychologists, philosophers, novelists, theologians etc? The major difference is in use of method. Psychologists employ the scientific method to investigate the whole range of human behaviour, the other disciplines do not, (for example, philosophers use logical argument and novelists their own ideas and observations) even though topics of interest are frequently the same. This means psychologists test theories about behaviour, in both laboratory and 'real life' settings. What do I need to know now? To gain an idea about whether or not the subject matter of psychology would interest you,consider the following statements and questions. These are questions that will be answered during the course - the answers are not common sense and often not obvious without actually conducting experiments! Is it possible for a person to function on a day-to-day basis once they have had their brain surgically split in two? What are the effects on children of watching adults engaging in aggressive behaviour? Is it possible to fake being mentally ill (schizophrenic) to a psychiatrist ( a medical doctor who specialises in the diagnoses and treatment of mental disorder) Would a person be prepared to kill another person because a scientist tells them to? Do people make accurate eye witnesses of an event? Now you should look at the course outline to find out about the topics we cover on the OCR specification. Course outline What examination board sets the Psychology specification? At Greenhead we follow the OCR specification What does the study of OCR Psychology at AS level entail? 1. The examination board has selected 15 specific research studies, which students have to understand and evaluate in great depth. The following approachesperspectives, issues and methods arising from the core studies will be considered. Approaches physiological cognitive individual differences developmental social Perspectives Behaviourist Psychodynamic Methods Experimental (laboratory and field) Case study Self report Observation Methodological isues such as reliability and validity Issues Ethics Ecological validity Longitudinal and snapshot Qualitative and quantitative 2. Students will need to be familiar with 4 techniques for collectinganalysing data: an experiment, correlation, observation self report. It will benefit candidates to have designed and conducted small scale research activities throughout the teaching of this unit. These activities can be written up but will not be taken into the exam. What is the structure of the examination? There are 2 examinations: 1. The core studies (a 2 hour question paper) consists of 3 sections. Section A covers the 15 core studies. Questions will be asked about specific detail of the core studies, including methodology. Questions will also be asked about theories and research surrounding the core studies, as well as issues and approaches raised. Section B consists of several questions about a single core study. Questions may focus on the aim of the core study, as well as the sample and methodology used. Section C will ask a number of questions about an approach in psychology. Questions will focus on the assumptions of the approach and how it explains behaviour. Ques

Psychology* Which disciplines have an interest in the topic areas of psychology? People have always been interested in understanding the basis of human behaviour, and the types of questions currently been examined by psychologists have been considered in the past by philosophers such as Aristotle, who considered the nature of intelligence, perception, thought, and whether or not behaviour is...

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