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Oil and Gas Operation for Non-Technical Staff-Incorporating Oil and Gas Safety

HRODC Postgraduate Training Institute

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Course Description

Course Contents, Concepts and Issues3-D Seismic4-D SeismicAcidizing a wellAFE (AuthorizationFor Expenditure)Annular spaceAnnulus of a wellAnticlineAPI gravityAssociate gasBarrel StandardBasement rockBCF (billion cubicfeet)Behind pipeBiomassBleeding coreBlind poolBlowoutBlowout insuranceBlue Sky LawBonus MoneyBOP (blowoutpreventer)Bottom-holepressureBottom-hole pumpBrent CrudeBridleBS&W - (basicsediment and water)Btu (British thermalunit)ButaneCable drillingCAOF (calculatedabsolute open flow)Capital FundsCapital assetCapital costs (Oil &Gas Tax Usage)Capital expenditureCapitalizationCarried InterestCasing PipeCasingheadCasinghead gasCasinghead gasolineCavings RockCementCement squeezeChristmas treeChokeClean oilCO2 injectionCoal gasificationCoal liquefactionCogenerationCommissionsCommon carrierCompleted wellCondensateConfirmation wellConnate waterConventional energysourcesConveyance orConveyancingCoreCrackingCrude oilCrude oil equivalentCuttingsDeductionsDeedDeepwater portDelay rentalDeliverabilityDevelopmentDiesel oilDifferential-pressurestickingDirectional drillingDistillateDistillate fuel oilDistributorDivision OrderDomestic productionDown holeDownstreamDrill bitDrill stringDrillingDrilling breakDrilling fundDrilling mudDrilling platformDrilling rigDrill stem testDry holeDry natural gasDual completionDue DiligenceEconomic interestElectrical welloggingEthanolExpenses (TaxUsage)ExplorationExploratory wellExternal casingpackerExtraction plantFarm inFarm out agreementFarmer's oilFaultFault trapFee landsFeet of payFieldFilter cakeFishingFishing toolsFive-spot waterflood programFlange upFlaringFloodingFlow Through conceptFlowing wellFormationFossil fuelsFracturingFront-end costsFuel oilGamma-ray loggingGas capGas condensateGas liftGas-cut mudGas-oil ratioGasolineGeneral partnerGeophones ?GeophysicistGeothermal energyGravimeterGross incomeGroundwaterGuaranteedpaymentsGun perforationGusherHang the rodsHeating oilHeavy oilHeld by productionJones ActHistory of a wellHorizonHorizontal drillingHorseheadHydraulic fracturingHydrocarbonsHydrometerHydrostatic headIn situIndependentproducerInfill drillingInitial potentialInjection wellIntangible drillingInvestment TaxCredit (ITC)Isopachous mapJack or UnitJet fuelJettingJointJoint Operating AgreementJoint ventureJunk basketKelly bushingKerogenKeroseneKeyseatingKick OccursLag timeLandmanLandowner royaltyLaw of captureLead linesLease (Oil and Gas)Lease acquisitioncostsLease brokerLease houndLease offering (leasesale)Lease or SubleaseLifting costsLigniteLimestoneLimited partnerLimited partnershipLNG (liquefiednatural gas)LogsLost circulationLPG (liquefiedpetroleum gases)Mid-continent crudeMidstream orMiddle distillatesMigrationMillingMineral RightsMMCF Millioncubic feetMonoclineMudMud engineerMud loggerMultiple completionNatural gasNaval petroleumreservesNet profits interestNet Revenue Interest(NRI)NGL (natural gasliquids)OCS (outercontinental shelf)OctaneOctane numberOfferingmemorandumOffset wellOffshore platformOil columnOil gravityOil in placeOil poolOil rigOil runOil shaleOilfield servicesOn the pumpOPEC (Organization of PetroleumExporting Countries)OperatorOrganization costsOutcropOverriding Royalty(ORRI)Overthrust beltPackerPay zonesPayoffPayoutPerforating gunPerforationPermeabilityPetrochemicalsPetroleumPetroleum engineerPetroleum geologistPipelinePipeline gasPlug backPlugged &Abandoned (P&A)Plugging a wellPoolPoolingPorosityPossible reservesPresent net valuePrimary recoveryPrimary termPrivate Placement OfferingProbable reservesProducing horizonProducing platformProductionProduction testProppantsProspectProved behind-pipereservesProved developed reservesProved reservesProved undevelopedreservesPublic landsPublic OfferingPumpPump offPumping wellQuadQuitclaim deedR&DRamRe-entryReamerReclamationRecoverableresourcesReefRefinerRefiningRelief wellReserveReserve (pool)ReservoirReservoir pressureRetained InterestReversionary interestRiskRoof rockRotary drillingRound tripRoustaboutRoyaltyRoyalty FundsRun ticketRunning the toolsSalt domeSalt-bed storageSampleSample logSandstoneSaturationSchlumberger(slumber-jay)ScoutSecondary recoverySectionSecuritiesSecurities Act of1933Securities ExchangeAct of 1934Sedimentary basinSedimentary rockSeismic explorationSeismograph.Selling ExpensesSeparatorService wellSet casingSeveranceSeverance taxShaleShale oilShale shakerSharing arrangementShoestring sandsShoot a wellShowShut-downwell/shut-in wellShut-inShut-in pressureShut-in RoyaltySide trackSkidding the rigSolutionSour Crude or GasSource rockSpacing unitSpot marketSpudSqueezeSteel reefStep-out wellStipper oil wellStock tank barrelStratigraphic testStratigraphic trapStructural trapStructureSubmersible drillingbargeSubmersible pumpSubscriptionSubstructureSupervisory feeSurface rightsSwabSweet crudeSynclineSyndicationexpensesSynfuelsSynthetic crude oil(syncrude)Synthetic gasTake-or-pay contractTank bottomsTankerTar sandTar sandsTax preference itemsTCFTectonic mapTenderTertiary recoveryThermThird for a quarterTight formationTight holeTight sandTime value ofmoneyTitleTool pusherTop leaseTotal depth (TD)TownshipTransfer ruleTrapTripTubingTurnkeyULCC (Ultra largecrude carrier)Unassociated gasUnderwriterUndiscoveredrecoverableresourcesUp dip wellUpstreamVapour pressureViscosityVLCC (very largecrude carrier)Wall stickingWasting assetsWater driveWater-drivereservoirWater floodingWell programWellboreWellheadWest TexasIntermediateWetWet gasWhip stockWildcatWildcatterWorking interestWork overWork over rigWrite-offZoneZone isolationIntroducing the Oil SubsectorsHorizontal, Vertical and Full Integration activities, including:1. Exploring For Oil and Gas2. Developing Fields3. Producing Oil and Gas4. Mining Oil Sands5. Extracting Bitumen6. Liquefying Gas by Cooling (LNG)7. Regasifying LNG8. Converting Gas to Liquid Products (GTL)9. Generating Wind EnergyDownstream activities including:1. Refining Oil into Fuels and Lubricants2. Producing Petrochemicals3. Developing Bio Fuels4. Trading5. Retail Sales6. Managing CO2 Emission7. Supply and Distribution Business-To-Business SalesExploring Vertical Integration in Relation to the Following Potentially Advantages:1. Reduction in transportation costs, where common ownership results in closergeographic proximity.2. Improvement in the supply chain coordination.3. Provision of more opportunities to differentiate by means of increased control overinputs.4. Capturing of upstream or downstream profit margins.5. Increasing entry barriers to potential competitors, for example, sole access to a scarceresource.6. Gaining access to downstream distribution channels that otherwise would beinaccessible.7. Facilitating investment in highly specialised assets in which upstream or downstreamplayers may be reluctant to invest.8. Exploiting core competencies.9. Capacity balancing issues, i.e., building excess upstream capacity to ensure that itsdownstream operations have sufficient supply under all demands.10. Increased flexibility to coordinate vertically-related activities may increaseAddressing Vertical Integration, with respect to the following potential disadvantages:1. Potentially higher costs due to low efficiencies resulting from lack of suppliercompetition.2. Decreased flexibility due to previous upstream or downstream investments3. Decreased ability to increase product variety if significant in-house development isrequired.4. Developing new core competencies may compromise existing competencies.5. Increased bureaucratic costs.Factors favouring horizontal integration, including: Taxes and regulations on market transactions are simplified Obstacles to the formulation and monitoring of contracts. Strategic similarity between the vertically-related activities. Sufficiently large production quantities so that the firm can Benefit from economies of scale. Creation of barriers of entry, resulting in the reluctance of other firms to makeinvestments specific to the sector of the industry larger firms operate inOther factors relevant to Oil and Gas Production, incorporating:Oil Well LeaseLong-term explicit contractsFranchise agreementsJoint venturesCo-location of facilitiesmplicit contracts (relying on firms? reputationGeological Research and Oil ExplorationDrilling or MiningBasic Drilling OperationNatural vs. Artificial Lifts in Oil and Gas ProductionCoalbed methane drilling technologyPrinciples of Gas ProcessingOil Well DrillingSpudding Oil and Gas WellsOil and Gas Rig OperationOffshore Oil Rig OperationSuccessful Effort AccountingHorizontal DrillingMarketing Oil and GasOil and Gas Production Separator PrinciplesOil -Water Separator OffshoreOil SeparatorPrinciples of Amine SweeteningProduction Separator PrinciplesGlycol Dehydration PrinciplesEmulsions and Vertical Heater Treater PrinciplesOil and Gas SafetyHSE Offshore StatisticsHydrocarbon Releases (HCRs)5Fatal and major injuries to offshore workersTypes of AccidentsOver- 3-day injuries to offshore workersDangerous Occurrences offshoreIncidence of ill health to workers offshoreOil and Gas Industry Safety Regimes/ Institutions and Their Safety Regulation andMonitoring SystemAmerican Petroleum Institute: Environmental Health & SafetyEnformA Step Change in SafetyFire and Blast Information GroupNational Offshore Petroleum Safety AuthorityOSHA Oil and Gas Well Drilling and Servicing WorksafeBC Health & Safety Centre for PetroleumHealth and Safety Executive (HSE)Petroleum Industry's Annual Safety SeminarSafety Relief Valves and Rupture DiscsPressure Safety Valves (PSV), Operation and TestingGaswell blowoutsHydrogen SulfideHydrogen Sulfide PrinciplesHydrogen Sulfide (H2S) Safety for Oil and GasRig AccidentsActinia Oil Rig BlowoutBlow-Out preventers ? (BOP)New Generation of BOPsMalfunctioning of BOPsDealing with BlowoutsAnalysing the BP Oil Disaster

Course Contents, Concepts and Issues3-D Seismic4-D SeismicAcidizing a wellAFE (AuthorizationFor Expenditure)Annular spaceAnnulus of a wellAnticlineAPI gravityAssociate gasBarrel StandardBasement rockBCF (billion cubicfeet)Behind pipeBiomassBleeding coreBlind poolBlowoutBlowout insuranceBlue Sky LawBonus MoneyBOP (blowoutpreventer)Bottom-holepressureBottom-hole pumpBrent CrudeBridleBS&W -...

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